List and expain the characteristics of MOdern operating systems.

·        
To provide an enviroment for
a computer user to execute programs on computer hardware in a convenient and
efficient manner.
·        
To allocate the separate
resources of the computer as needed to solve the problem given. The allocation
process should be as fair and efficient as prossible
Following are the characteristics:
Open graphics library(Open
GL):
 
Cross-platform standard specification for multimedia graphics.

Direct X:  collection of APIs related to
multimedia tasks for microsoft Windows.

Command Line
Interface(CLI): 
The user types commands at a prompt.

Graphical User Interface
(GUI):
  The user
interacts with menus and icons.


Control Hardware Access:  The operating system manages the
interaction between application and the hardware. To access and communicate
with the hardware, the operating system intalls a device driver for each
hardware component.

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